tree pruning terminology

Tree Pruning Terminology: A Beginner’s Guide

Most people know what tree pruning means. Few people know the intricate spectrum of tree pruning terminology. Pruning does not simply mean chopping off limbs at random. It requires specific methods that help a tree maintain its shape, health, and growth pattern. 

Our tree experts at Brothers In Arms Tree Service have acquired vast knowledge through our tree trimming service. We’ll share some of our pruning lingo with you below. 

Tree Pruning Terminology You Should Know

When you understand some basic pruning terms, you’ll know why professional trimming services are integral to a tree’s health. Discover the terms arborists commonly use along with their definitions for a better grasp how correct tree pruning practices improve a tree’s health. 

Pruning Techniques

Formative pruning refers to the techniques used to prune a specimen during the early stages of tree growth. An arborist will do some light pruning to ensure the tree’s structural integrity as it matures. 

Crown lifting involves the removal of a tree’s lower branches. It essentially isolates the crown, leaving the mid to lower trunk bare. Although young trees can endure light crown lifting, mature trees can sustain injuries to important branches through this practice. Crown lifting improves light and air circulation. 

Pruning cuts are the result of pruning. When a tree trimming tool clips into the branch or twig, it leaves a pruning cut behind. The three main types of pruning cuts include heading, thinning, and reduction cuts. Each cut influences future growth patterns and shape. 

Topping typically occurs when an unskilled person attempts to prune a tree’s crown. Topping practices result in uneven shape and even open wounds. 

Tree Anatomy

The crown refers to the branches at the very top of a tree. Typically, arborists will allow this area to grow without pruning unless disease or the presence of power lines warrants branch removal. 

A lateral branch is located on the side of the tree and grows horizontally. Arborists often remove these branches to promote stability. 

You might be familiar with the parent stem. Beyond tree pruning terminology, most people call it the trunk. Branches grow from the trunk.   

Tree Health 

Decay refers to any area of a tree where the material feels soft and rotted. These degraded tissues attract fungi, bacteria, and other issues. If an arborist finds a decayed branch, they’ll prune it.  

Sunburn occurs when an area of the trunk or a branch receives too much harsh sunlight. Open tree wounds, like those from pruning, can develop sunburn without proper treatment. 

When trees become dormant, their above-ground growth cycle stops. They focus their resources on further developing their root system instead. Pruning during the dormant season can lead to severe injuries since the tree cannot heal itself. 

Get Your Free Quote for Comprehensive Tree Services from Brothers In Arms Tree Service

Tree pruning terminology seems technical at first. But diving into the definitions proves that anyone can pick it up easily. Although you now understand some tree pruning lingo, you should still seek professional services to avoid over pruning your favorite trees. 

Call (850) 461-9500 to set up a pruning appointment with Brothers In Arms Tree Service. 

Call Now Button